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Book Review: Laboratory Architecture for Observing Nature at Play
Books on Luis Barragan's house and BNIM's Omega Center for Sustainable Living reveal how transparently daring designs teach Nature's processes.
By Norman Weinstein
March 16, 2012
Here are tales of two spellbindingly romantic works of architecture that I’m saddling with that most unromantic word, laboratory. No way around the word’s Latin root: labor. And generally we immediately associate “laboratory” with high-tech machinations, some site where priests of science do whatever they do isolated from scrutiny of scientifically illiterate commoners, yours truly included. As a teenager walking past the Richards Lab at the University of Pennsylvania, scanning various window panes covered with aluminum foil for necessary light and heat reduction, fantasies surfaced that the researchers within were engaged in unscientific but erotic or drug-induced activities between legitimate experiments. Seemed like a foreboding lab I needed to project recreation into, but then again, how many labs still are off-putting architecturally? But these two books worthy of close reading offer revealing re-definitions of laboratory architecture through examples over a half-century apart. And both volumes illuminate designs that are inviting laboratories for observing and learning from Nature’s processes in motion.
Luis Barragán: His House (Editorial RM, 2011) adds to the miniscule list of publications dedicated to Mexico’s most renowned architect, the winner of the 1980 Pritzker Prize, and a major influence on Tadao Ando and Steven Holl. In fact, Barragán’s Pritzker Prize acceptance speech is one of the four essays framing a vivid collection of photographs of the house and garden. Detailed house plans and a Barragán chronology conclude this precious volume. The photographs comprise the book’s core, as invaluable as the various commentaries are. As Barragán himself was prone to say, his house – now a UNESCO World Heritage site – was his laboratory.
Now what kind of laboratory can one discover in a modest three-story concrete house that, apart from scale, looks right at home with other modest residences in Mexico City’s Tacubaya suburb? Central to the Barragá́n house are an adjacent small private garden and an upper-level studio where the solitary designer worked. Walk into the house and you’re immediately confronted by plays of natural light reflected off surfaces of “non-harmonious colors,” fussy formal terminology in this instance for an interior palette found commonly in the tropics. Barragán’s shocking pink doors and walls only shock if you forget how profusely common pink dahlias punctuate Mexico’s landscapes. Whether Barragán had the intense pink of Mexican dahlias in mind when designing his residence – hardly improbable since they’re everywhere and carry the status of National Flower – is unknown. Another layer of dahlia association might be more curious. Dahlias were recognized in ancient Aztec and Toltec vernacular traditions as being usable as water pipes because of their long hollow stems. This point would not have been lost on Barragán who was formally trained solely as an engineer, never as an architect. Additionally, dahlias were used by these communities as both food and medicine, conjuring up the possibility of thinking of residential architecture as both healing space and kitchen/lab for nature’s harvest.
Blink after the initial shock of high-saturation pink and yellow interior surfaces, and begin to view the house, studio, and garden as laboratories for the sensual and analytic observation of nature at play. Barragán’s house demonstrates, through its overwhelmingly dramatic and energy-conscious use of natural light (supplemented only by a few table lamps), how an architect’s house simultaneously works as a laboratory for observing the play of light on massing, and as a contemplative spiritual sanctuary where large windows frame views of an enigmatically, somewhat labyrinthine, landscaped garden below. Somehow Barragán foresaw the 21st century in sustainable architecture from his 1948 house project vantage point as a meditative and educational demonstration of how design magnifies the presence of organized flows of Nature’s energies. A lifelong Catholic mystic, Barragán’s faith was encoded in his residential design since he believed that God spoke to him through playful circulatory flows of light, water, and wind in his bedroom as freely as in his studio. This book is next best to going to Mexico City to experience this hybrid house-laboratory for yourself.
Flow: The Making of the Omega Center for Sustainable Living (ORO Editions, 2011) chronicles the making of a combination water treatment plant and education center (acronym: OCSL) completed in 2008 on the grounds of The Omega Institute for Holistic Studies, a center for personal growth through classes in spirituality and the arts, in New York State’s mid-Hudson Valley. Designed by BNIM, a firm with a solid reputation in innovative sustainable design, this book is partially available on their website. Like the Barragán monograph, this book culls the work of diverse writers and photographers. And like Barragán’s house, OCSL is simultaneously practical and visionary, meditative and educational, rooted in transparently showcasing flows of natural energy as filtered through highly refined architectural experiences.
But while Barragán’s house-laboratory functioned for its sole resident as a lens on Nature, and as proof of Divine energy manifest in lawfully guided flows of light, wind, and water, OCSL is different in its purposes. BNIM designed OCSL to go beyond earning a LEED Platinum status and created one of the first buildings in the world to achieve “Living Building” Certification (follow link for pertinent technical details). To walk through OCSL is to learn how a cutting-edge wastewater treatment facility, relying on solar energy and waste-eating plants, works. OCSL’s design, like Barragán’s, is transparent to the layers of interrelated flows of Nature’s energies. But it is a far more advanced structure technologically than Barragan’s in that it actually does much more than offer utility and beauty and a “window” to Nature to its owner. It is a dazzlingly energy-efficient wastewater treatment facility addressing a current public need in a pastoral but increasingly dense area of the Hudson Valley. And harking back to Barragán’s spiritually-infused design, OCSL works as an educational facility open to the public where yoga is taught, where mixed-use design matches bodies of water becoming transformed with human bodies practicing healthy transformation. This book, like OCSL itself, blends material acumen with spiritual aspiration. It deserves a space next to Luis Barragán: His House. Both enhance the flow of sustainable thinking, and remind us that laboratories brilliantly designed are about so much more than labor. Romance lives there also.
Norman Weinstein writes about architecture and design for Architectural Record, and is the author of “Words That Build” – an exclusive 21-part series published by ArchNewsNow.com – that focuses on the overlooked foundations of architecture: oral and written communication. He consults with architects and engineers interested in communicating more profitably; his webinars are available from ExecSense. He can be reached at email@example.com.
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